Shulchan Aruch: Chapter – [Mitzvah to Dwell in a Sukkah] · Shulchan Aruch: Chapter – Laws Relating to Construction of a Sukkah under a Tree or under. Shulchan Aruch, Din Brachah Rishonah b’Yotzeir b: Laws Relating to the First Blessing – Yotzer Or, Part 2. Related Text: Shulchan Aruch: Chapter 59 – Laws. The Shulchan Aruch sometimes dubbed in English as the Code of Jewish Law, is the most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism.
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The most prominent of these were Maimonides Rambamwhose opinions were accepted in Andalusia, Valencia, Israel and the Near East; Nahmanides and Solomon ben Adretwhose opinions were accepted in Catalonia; and Asher ben Jehiel and his family, of German origin, whose opinions were accepted in Castile.
Recognition or denial of Karo’s authority lay entirely with the Polish Talmudists. The importance of the minhag “prevailing local custom” is also a point of shklchan between Karo and Isserles: Thirty-two authorities, beginning with the Talmud and ending with the works of Rabbi Israel Isserlein — and known as the Terumath ha-Deshenare summarized and critically discussed in Beth Yosef.
There are four sections, each subdivided into many chapters and lortugues. This page was last edited on 12 Julyat Although the Shulchan Aruch is largely a codification shylchan the rulings of the Beth Yosefit includes various rulings that are not mentioned at all in the Beth Yosefbecause after completing the Beth YosefKaro read opinions in books he hadn’t seen before, which he then included in the Shulchan Aruch.
This article is about the work by Rabbi Yosef Karo.
He concludes that this would then account for those seemingly self-contradictory instances in the ‘Shulchan Aruch’. Further in response to those who wished to force the rulings of the Shulchan Aruch upon those communities following RambamKaro wrote:. He follows Maimonides’ example, as seen in Mishneh Torah the Yad Hachazakahrather than portuguse of Jacob ben Asher, who seldom decides between ancient authorities.
On the contrary, we regard the statements of later scholars to be more authoritative because they knew the reasoning of the earlier scholars as well as their own, and took it into consideration in making their decision Piskei Ha’RoshSanhedrin 4: Yoreh-Deah 53, Responsa Mateh Yosef sec.
Besides this, we see that many legal doubts arise daily, and are mostly the subject of scholarly debate, necessitating vast wisdom and proficiency to arrive at a sufficiently sourced ruling German Jewish authorities had been forced to give way to Polish ones as early as the beginning of the sixteenth century.
This work analyzes the theories and conclusions of those authorities shjlchan by the Turand also examines the opinions of authorities not mentioned by him. Almost all published editions of the Shulchan Aruch include this gloss, and the term “Shulchan Aruch” has come to denote both Karo’s work as well as Isserles’, with Karo usually referred to as “the mechaber ” “author” and Isserles as “the Rema” an acronym of R abbi M oshe I sserles.
Aruch HaShulchanby Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epsteinis a more arcuh work attempting the same task from a different angle, and covering all sections of the Shulchan Aruch. The former, though narrower in scope, enjoys much wider popularity and is considered authoritative by many adherents of Orthodox Judaismespecially among those typically associated with Ashkenazic yeshivas.
Karo wrote the Shulchan Aruch in his old age, for the benefit of those who did not possess the education portguues to understand the Beth Yosef. The latter is a vast and comprehensive commentary on Jacob ben Asher ‘s — Arba’ah Turim “Tur”citing and analyzing the Talmudic, Geonic, and major subsequent halachic authorities.
Jews then living in the different kingdoms of Spain had their standard authorities to which they appealed. As commentaries on the work proliferated, more sophisticated printing styles became required, similar to those of the Talmud. Rabbi Abraham Danzig was the first in the Lithuanian Jewish community to attempt a summary of the opinions in the above-mentioned works in aduch Chayei Adam and Chochmath Adam.
Ginas Veradimsection Even Ho’ezer rule 4: Views Read Edit View history. Articles containing Hebrew-language text Portgues articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September The Shulchan Aruch achieved its reputation and popularity not only against the wishes of the author, but, perhaps, through the very scholars who criticized it.
The expulsion of the Jews from the Iberian peninsula and the invention of printing had endangered the stability of religious observances on their legal and ritual sides. Rabbinic legal texts and responsa Sephardi Jews topics. Karo undertook his Beth Yosef to remedy this problem, quoting and critically examining in his book the opinions of all the major authorities then known. If one does not find their statements correct and is able to maintain his own views with evidence that is acceptable to his contemporaries These glosses are widely referred to as the mappah literally: Outline of Judaism Index of Jewish history-related articles.
But he abandoned this idea because, as he wrote: A modern commentator, Rabbi Menachem Elon explains:. Karo very often decides disputed cases without necessarily considering the age and importance of the authority in question, expressing simply his own views.
Karo evidences not only aduch astonishing range of reading, covering almost the entire rabbinic literature up to his time, but also remarkable powers of critical investigation.